Now, the French Parliament is grappling with the decision of whether to extend the state of emergency for three months.
Many areas liberated from ISIS control were exposed to severe chemical contamination, creating a large public health crisis and requiring a multifaceted approach to ensure public safety and security.
In addition to intentionally placed chemical bombs, areas near ISIS chemical weapons labs and munition factories may have been contaminated with toxic chemicals or even the chemical warfare agents themselves. As a result, as Iraqi and Peshmerga security forces worked to reclaim and hold these villages and towns, they faced extraordinary challenges.
In addition to the typical remnants of war including munitions stockpiles, small arms, and concealed IEDs, those seeking to make areas liberated from ISIS safe for civilians will also need to contend with the remnants of a significant chemical weapons program and improvised chemical devices concealed to cause civilian casualties.
Sulfur mustard is particularly insidious, as even low-dose exposure can cause acute injury to eyes, skin, and lungs, sometimes resulting in severe chronic conditions. Environmental decontamination both indoor and outdoor of traditional chemical weapons and other toxic chemicals is always challenging, and contamination in Iraq and Syria is further exacerbated by the wide range of materials causing the contamination, limited response capability, and low technical readiness.
These challenges will require an innovative new approach that draws on experience from traditional counter-IED and demining efforts combined with chemical weapons disposal and remediation techniques.
The Road to Safety Securing the territory reclaimed from ISIS will require multi-sector coordination—not only by the international community, but also between stakeholders within Iraq. CRDF Global has worked in Iraq since and has led sustainable initiatives to connect scientific communities with security forces to help mitigate the threats that Iraqis face from chemical weapons and attacks.
CRDF Global partners are taking meaningful steps toward collaboration. For example, the Iraqi private sector recently formed a non-governmental organization for chemical vendors to raise awareness of security best practices and information sharing with law enforcement and to demonstrate the potential for cross-sector collaboration to improve Iraqi security.
First Responders and Receivers Successfully removing, or at least reducing, the public health threat which this contamination poses requires a multifaceted approach. First, it is critically important to train and equip Iraqi first responders to detect and respond to improvised chemical devices, the hazards present in the laboratories used to produce them, and potentially contaminated surrounding areas.
Iraqi security forces, including the military and civil defense, are already receiving training on responding to chemical attacks and incidents. However, given the scope of the problem and the new combination of IEDs with locally-produced chemical warfare agents, ensuring that these areas are safe for civilians requires a more targeted and more comprehensive approach.
Second, it is essential to provide both emergency medical personnel and first receivers at hospitals with the training, equipment, and countermeasures necessary to clinically identify and treat contaminated persons without undue exposure to themselves.
Providing essential life-saving care while simultaneously protecting caregivers and physical infrastructure is both challenging and essential. Containment, Decontamination, and Monitoring Third, it will be necessary to contain and then decontaminate immediate affected areas, and more expansive containment and decontamination may be necessary depending on the nature of the chemical and the potential for groundwater contamination.
These measures will require specialized training and equipment. Because of the wide range of potential contaminants, developing an effective protocol for assuring decontamination necessary for unrestricted use of land and assets will require significant expertise.
Finally, beyond the initial response and decontamination, it will be necessary to test and monitor exposed territory to ensure it is safe for habitation and agricultural activities.
Iraqi academia has the expertise required to conduct this vital technical analysis of soil, water, and other materials. CRDF Global is already working with some of these universities to partially restore their facilities, yet they will also need new equipment to conduct environmental testing and chemical analysis.
A Collaborative Approach to Safety and Security Despite its territorial losses, ISIS still possesses the expertise and access to materials to continue to present complicated and new chemical threats in Iraq, Syria, and worldwide.
Such a model will require a cross-sector approach that involves local government agencies, the scientific community, and law enforcement. The private sector, NGO partners, academia, and community stakeholders must come together to identify hot spots, conduct environmental testing and develop remediation strategies that directly address this serious threat to public safety and security.
There must be strong leadership and investments from multiple stakeholders including the international security sector and other multinational agencies facing the complex task of rebuilding Iraq following the defeat of ISIS. Alessandro Niglia Washington, DC: IOS Press, A Concept Paper on Planning, by C.
Aprilhttps:Milices islamistes en the degradation containment and defeat of the islamic state Libye. Arno Joseph Mayer (born June portal. Nov 14, · Teachers complained of what they described as “painfully low wages,” the degradation in quality of public education, and the continued arrest and detention of teachers’ rights and education activists.
On Syria, US Emphasizing Goals of Enduring Defeat Of Islamic State, De-Escalation of Conflict Recommended. On Syria, US. The president knows that the U.S.
could defeat Islamic State outright, but he lacks the political will to lead the fight. President Obama’s weekly radio address on Saturday was his latest attempt to reassure the country that the U.S. is making significant progress in the fight against Islamic. cause containment is not a strategy. And that is just the way it is.
A PUBLIC HEALTH CRISIS IN FLINT, MICHIGAN ways in which we can defeat Islamic State, but it is time for President Obama, who told ABC News on Friday that we ‘‘have contained’’ Islamic.
He proposed international unity to combat and defeat the Islamic State. An effective bombing campaign is needed working cooperatively with Syria’s military - polar opposite Washington’s phony one, supporting its proxy IS foot soldiers.
THE terrorist atrocities in Paris reinforced the need for governments to develop and implement a coherent plan against “Islamic State”, or ISIL.