How to write an archaeological fieldwork report

Resources Introduction The methods used by archaeologists to gather data can be applied to any time period, including the very recent past. One archaeologist in the U.

How to write an archaeological fieldwork report

Home Eritrea Are Eritreans of mixed origins? Are Eritreans of mixed origins? This outdated myth is still shaping perceptions, even though there isn't any evidence to support it. Top four biggest myths in the Horn of Africa Since time immemorial, myths have held an important role in societies.

Long before science and writing were invented, myths were passed down from generation to generation to help make sense of the unknown or to advance social standings among competing groups.

Although most myths are now dismissed as fictional tales, some myths, however, continue to shape perceptions, identities and produce conflicts in the region.

In this post, we'll briefly highlight four of the biggest myths in the Horn of Africa. Eritreans, Somalis and Ethiopians are of mixed origins For various reasons, many people; usually foreigners, claim the region's inhabitants are of African and South Arabian descent.

They base this on the fact that many of the people in the Horn, particularly in Eritrea and Ethiopia, speak Semitic languages and use a writing script that derived from Ancient Yemeni kingdoms.

They also point out that some of the ancient people of the Horn adopted South Arabian deities and customs, too.

how to write an archaeological fieldwork report

But is that enough to claim the people of this region are mixed? Aside from a few Sabaean inscriptions and isolated religious artifacts worshiping South Arabian deities, there isn't much evidence to suggest a dominant Sabaean presence in the Horn region.

According to Peter Ridgway Schmidt, a leading archaeologist of the region, civilization in the Horn is independent of any foreign influences and is endogenous to the region.

How to Write a Fieldwork Report | Synonym

In short, outside of a few "ceremonial sites" with religious artifacts and inscribed stone pillars, there is no convincing evidence for daily life and vital communities. Rather, isolated religious artifacts and other evidence seem to point to another phenomenon, perhaps a sphere of influence wherein the highlands of Ethiopia and Eritrea were within the religious and economic orbit of greater Saba and local people took up various aspects of material culture to signify their membership in this broader community Curtis As historical archaeologists have begun to question the historical accuracy of a dominant Sabaean presence in the Horn, archaeology has contributed evidence that suggests that the origins of urbanism is likely independent of any foreign influence and is in fact endogenous development Shmidt and Curtis ; Schmidt Due to proximity, trade and sharing the same deities, Epigraphic South Arabian an earlier substratum of the Ge'ez alphabet started to appear in a few isolated religious sites within Southern Eritrea some 2, years ago.

By the 3rd century CE, this lead to the gradual evolution and creation of the modern Ge'ez script and language. Keep in mind, people adopt different languages for a number of reasons; usually for economic and religious reasons.

At one point in history, some of the elites in the ancient Eritean city of Adulis were fluent in Greek. In fact, nearly all the inscriptions until the 4th century CE were made in Greek.

Why do Horners look the way they do? The phenotype the people of this region possess is likely a result of genetic adaptations to the mountainous topography; their diet and climate. People of the Horn would still look the way they do even of they had no Euroasian contact whatsoever.

We can say this with certainty because there are a number of ethnic groups in the region that historically had little to no contact with Euroasian populations and still look similar to their neighbors who did.

Chief among them are the Oromo people, who migrated to the Ethiopian interior from Northern Kenya in the 16th century CE. In fact, most Amharas who are from Shewa and Wollo regions both Oromo namesare assimilated Amharic-speaking Oromos.

Similarly, Southern African groups like the Khoisan were once thought to be people of mixed African and Eurasian ancestry by white South Africans[4] because they possessed unusual fair skin for people who lived in one of the hottest places on Earth.

However, archaeological and genetic studies revealed they are one of the most ancient African groups that have had the least contact with not only Eurasian populations but African groups, too. Thus, it is important to remind ourselves of Africa's great genetic diversity and for the need to continue challenging outdated colonial period myths of what an African is supposed to look like.The ability to write a good research paper is an essential skill and this handout will help you improve your paper writing skills in archaeology.

Two helpful publications are W. C. Booth, G. G. Colomb, and J. M. Williams, The Craft of Research (, Chicago, 3 rd edition) and The Chicago Manual of Style (, Chicago, 15 th edition). Anthropologists and archeologists study the origin, development, and behavior of humans.

They examine the cultures, languages, archeological remains, and physical characteristics of people in various parts of the world. Top four biggest myths in the Horn of Africa Since time immemorial, myths have held an important role in societies. Long before science and writing were invented, myths were passed down from generation to generation to help make sense of the unknown or to advance social standings among competing groups.

U of A anthropologist Willoughby believes that the items found prove continuous occupation of the areas over the last , years, through what is known as the "genetic bottleneck" period of the last ice age.

Fieldnotes is an interactive on-line newsletter of the Archaeological Institute of America, encouraging individuals and institutions to submit short articles, field reports, announcements, news items, and links to digital resources, which are relevant to the professional and academic membership of the leslutinsduphoenix.comotes compiles current information on professional activities, academic and research.

Our Experts, who have volunteered to share their time and information, include researchers, university professors, AIA Board members, ancient art historians, field archaeologists, museum specialists, architectural historians, and more – all with specialized knowledge of specific ancient cultures and .

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